IRENA: Ku rakibida caalamiga ah ee PV "kor u kaca" 133GW sanadka 2021!

Marka loo eego Warbixinta Tirakoobka 2022 ee Jiilka Tamarta La cusboonaysiin karo ee ay dhawaan soo saartay Wakaaladda Tamarta La cusboonaysiin karo ee Caalamiga ah (IRENA), dunidu waxay ku dari doontaa 257 GW tamar la cusboonaysiin karo sanadka 2021, oo ah koror 9.1% ah marka la barbar dhigo sannadkii hore, waxayna keenaysaa isugeynta caalamiga ah ee dib loo cusboonaysiin karo. kororka tamarta ilaa 3TW (3,064GW).

 

Kuwaas waxaa ka mid ah, tamarta biyuhu waxay ka qayb qaadatay saamiga ugu badan ee 1,230GW.Awoodda caalamiga ah ee PV-ga lagu rakibay ayaa si degdeg ah u korodhay 19%, oo gaadhay 133GW.

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Awoodda tamarta dabaysha ee la rakibay sanadka 2021 waa 93GW, koror ah 13%.Guud ahaan, photovoltaics iyo tamarta dabayshu waxay xisaabin doonaan 88% ee kordhinta awooda tamarta cusub ee la cusboonaysiin karo sanadka 2021.

 

Aasiya waa ka ugu weyn ee wax ku biirisa awoodda cusub ee la rakibay adduunka oo dhan

 

Aasiya waa ka qaybqaata ugu weyn ee wax ku biirinta awoodda cusub ee adduunka, iyada oo 154.7GW awood cusub lagu rakibay, oo ka dhigan 48% awoodda cusub ee la rakibay ee adduunka.Awoodda tamarta la cusboonaysiin karo ee Aasiya ayaa gaartay 1.46 TW sanadka 2021, iyadoo Shiinuhu uu ku daray 121 GW in kasta oo uu faafay Covid-19.

 

Yurub iyo Waqooyiga Ameerika waxay ku dareen 39 GW iyo 38 GW siday u kala horreeyaan, halka Maraykanku uu ku daray 32 GW ee awoodda la rakibay.

 

Heshiiska Istaraatiijiyadeed ee Iskaashiga Hay'adda Tamarta La Cusbooneysiin karo ee Caalamiga ah

 

In kasta oo horumarka degdega ah ee ku wajahan dirida tamarta dib loo cusboonaysiin karo ee dalalka waaweyn ee adduunka, Hay’adda Tamarta La cusboonaysiin karo ee IRENA waxa ay ku nuuxnuuxsatay warbixinta in tamarta la cusboonaysiin karo ay tahay in ay u koraan si ka dhakhso badan baahida tamarta.

 

Francesco La Camera, Agaasimaha Guud ee Wakaaladda Tamarta La Cusbooneysiin karo ee Caalamiga ah (IRENA), ayaa yiri, "Horumarkan sii socda ayaa marqaati kale u ah adkeysiga tamarta dib loo cusboonaysiin karo.Waxqabadkeeda kobaca xooggan ee sannadkii hore waxay siisaa waddammada fursado badan si ay u helaan ilo tamar la cusboonaysiin karo.Faa'iidooyin dhaqan-dhaqaale oo badan.Si kastaba ha ahaatee, inkasta oo la dhiirigelinayo isbeddellada caalamiga ah, Muuqaalkayaga Kala-guurka Tamarta Caalamiga ah ayaa muujinaya in xawaaraha iyo baaxadda kala-guurka tamarta ay aad uga fog yihiin ku filan si looga fogaado cawaaqib xumada isbeddelka cimilada."

 

Hay'adda Tamarta La Cusbooneysiin Karo ee Caalamiga ah (IRENA) ayaa horraantii sanadkan billowday qorshe heshiis iskaashi oo istiraatijiyadeed si loogu oggolaado waddammada inay wadaagaan fikradaha lagu gaarayo yoolalka dhexdhexaadnimada kaarboonka.Wadamo badan ayaa sidoo kale qaadaya tillaabooyin, sida isticmaalka hydrogen-ka cagaaran si loo ilaaliyo tamarta.Sida laga soo xigtay tirooyinka ay soo saartay hay'adda, hydrogen wuxuu xisaabin doonaa ugu yaraan 12% tamarta guud haddii bartilmaameedka cimilada adduunka uu ku sii jiro heerkulka 1.5 ° C ee heshiiskii Paris marka la gaaro 2050.

 

Heshiiska Istaraatiijiyadeed ee Iskaashiga Hay'adda Tamarta La Cusbooneysiin karo ee Caalamiga ah

 

In kasta oo horumarka degdega ah ee ku wajahan dirida tamarta dib loo cusboonaysiin karo ee dalalka waaweyn ee adduunka, Hay’adda Tamarta La cusboonaysiin karo ee IRENA waxa ay ku nuuxnuuxsatay warbixinta in tamarta la cusboonaysiin karo ay tahay in ay u koraan si ka dhakhso badan baahida tamarta.

 

Francesco La Camera, Agaasimaha Guud ee Wakaaladda Tamarta La Cusbooneysiin karo ee Caalamiga ah (IRENA), ayaa yiri, "Horumarkan sii socda ayaa marqaati kale u ah adkeysiga tamarta dib loo cusboonaysiin karo.Waxqabadkeeda kobaca xooggan ee sannadkii hore waxay siisaa waddammada fursado badan si ay u helaan ilo tamar la cusboonaysiin karo.Faa'iidooyin dhaqan-dhaqaale oo badan.Si kastaba ha ahaatee, inkasta oo la dhiirigelinayo isbeddellada caalamiga ah, Muuqaalkayaga Kala-guurka Tamarta Caalamiga ah ayaa muujinaya in xawaaraha iyo baaxadda kala-guurka tamarta ay aad uga fog yihiin ku filan si looga fogaado cawaaqib xumada isbeddelka cimilada."

 

Hay'adda Tamarta La Cusbooneysiin Karo ee Caalamiga ah (IRENA) ayaa horraantii sanadkan billowday qorshe heshiis iskaashi oo istiraatijiyadeed si loogu oggolaado waddammada inay wadaagaan fikradaha lagu gaarayo yoolalka dhexdhexaadnimada kaarboonka.Wadamo badan ayaa sidoo kale qaadaya tillaabooyin, sida isticmaalka hydrogen-ka cagaaran si loo ilaaliyo tamarta.Sida laga soo xigtay tirooyinka ay soo saartay hay'adda, hydrogen wuxuu xisaabin doonaa ugu yaraan 12% tamarta guud haddii bartilmaameedka cimilada adduunka uu ku sii jiro heerkulka 1.5 ° C ee heshiiskii Paris marka la gaaro 2050.

 

Suurtagalnimada horumarinta hydrogen-ga cagaaran ee Hindiya

 

Dowladda Hindiya ayaa bishii Jannaayo ee sanadkan heshiis iskaashi oo istiraatijiyadeed ah la saxiixatay Wakaaladda Tamarta La cusboonaysiin karo ee IRENA.Kamaradu waxay ku nuuxnuuxsatay in Hindiya ay tahay quwad tamar la cusboonaysiin karo oo ay ka go'an tahay kala-guurka tamarta.Shantii sano ee la soo dhaafay, awoodda tamarta dib loo cusboonaysiin karo ee Hindiya ayaa gaartay 53GW, halka waddanku uu ku daray 13GW sanadka 2021.

 

Si loo taageero decarbonization ee dhaqaalaha warshadaha, India ayaa sidoo kale ka shaqaynaysa si ay u dhisto a cagaaran silsilad sahayda tamarta hydrogen-powered.Sida ku cad iskaashiga la gaarey, Dowladda Hindiya iyo Hay'adda Tamarta La Cusbooneysiin Karo ee Caalamiga ah (IRENA) waxay beegsanayaan hydrogen-ka cagaaran si ay u noqoto awood u yeelata kala-guurka tamarta Hindiya iyo isha cusub ee tamarta dhoofinta.

 

Sida laga soo xigtay warbixin cilmi-baaris ah oo ay daabacday Mercom India Research, Hindiya waxay ku rakibtay 150.4GW awoodda tamarta la cusboonaysiin karo rubuci afaraad ee 2021. Nidaamyada sawir-qaadista ayaa xisaabiyay 32% wadarta guud ee awoodda tamarta dib loo cusboonaysiin karo rubuci afaraad ee 2021.

 

Guud ahaan, saamiga dib loo cusboonaysiin karo ee wadarta guud ee balaadhinta korontadda caalamiga ah waxay gaari doontaa 81% sanadka 2021, marka la barbar dhigo 79% sanad ka hor.Qaybta dib-u-cusboonaysiinta ee wadarta korontadu waxay kori doontaa ku dhawaad ​​2% sanadka 2021, laga bilaabo 36.6% 2020 ilaa 38.3% 2021.

 

Marka loo eego tira-koob ay soo saartay Hay’adda Tamarta Caalamiga ah, tamarta la cusboonaysiin karo ayaa la filayaa in ay ku xisaabtanto 90% wadarta korontada cusub ee adduunka sanadka 2022-ka.

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Waqtiga boostada: Apr-22-2022